Professor Otto F Kernberg och hans arbete om Borderline i USA på nedanstående länkar.

KernbergOtto F. Kernberg, M.D. Professor of Psychiatry,

Weill Cornell Medical College,Director, Personality Disorders Institute,
New York Presbyterian Hospital, Training and Supervising Analyst, Columbia Psychoanalytic Center

Otto Friedmann Kernberg (born 10 September 1928) is a psychoanalyst and professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College. He is most widely known for his psychoanalytic theories on borderline personality organization and narcissistic pathology. In addition, his work has been central in integrating postwar ego psychology (which was primarily developed in the United States and the United Kingdom) with Kleinian and other object relations perspectives (which was developed primarily in the United Kingdom and South America). His integrative writings were central to the development of modern object relations, a theory of mind that is perhaps the theory most widely accepted among modern psychoanalysts.

Notable awards The 1972 Heinz Hartmann Award of the New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute
The 1975 Edward A. Strecker Award from the Institute of Pennsylvania Hospital
The 1981 George E. Daniels Merit Award of the Association for Psychoanalytic Medicine

Otto Kernberg designed an intensive form of psychoanalytic psychotherapy known as Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP) which is meant to be more suitable for Borderline Personality Organization (BPO) patients. BPO patients are described as experiencing so-called ‘splits’ in their affect and thinking, and the intended aim of the treatment is focused on the integration of split off parts of self and object representations.

TFP is an intense form of psychodynamic psychotherapy designed particularly for patients with borderline personality organization (BPO) which requires a minimum of two and a maximum of three 45 or 50-minute sessions per week. It views the individual as holding unreconciled and contradictory internalized representations of self and significant others that are affectively charged. The defense against these contradictory internalized object relations is called identity diffusion, and leads to disturbed relationships with others and with self. The distorted perceptions of self, others, and associated affects are the focus of treatment as they emerge in the relationship with the therapist (transference). The consistent interpretation of these distorted perceptions is considered the mechanism of change.



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